A DEVELOPMENTAL TYPE OF INTERCULTURAL LEVEL OF SENSITIVITY
A DEVELOPMENTAL STYLE * OF INTERCULTURAL SENSITIVITY Milton M. Bennett, Meters. D.
I actually. DENIAL OF DIFFERENCE
The inability to interpret cultural difference. Indicated by simply benign stereotyping (wellmeant nevertheless ignorant or perhaps naive observations) and succinct, pithy statements of tolerance. Might sometimes become accompanied by don of deficiency in intellect or persona to culturally deviant tendencies. Tendency to dehumanize outsiders. 1 . Denial/Isolation: Isolation in homogeneous organizations fails to generate either the ability or the inspiration to construct relevant categories to get noticing and interpreting ethnic difference. installment payments on your Denial/Separation: Deliberate separation via cultural difference protects world view from change simply by creating the circumstances of remoteness. Some awareness of cultural big difference may produce undifferentiated extensive categories, such as " foreigner" or " Asian" or " Dark. " Cognitive Structure: вЂў No groups (" what difference? " ) or perhaps only broad categories for different cultures. Affective Quality: вЂў Benign within the surface (" live and enable live" ), but potentially genocidal once pressed in cross-cultural contact. Behavioral Emphasis: вЂў Hostile ignorance (" I shouldn't know" ), stress for the familiar. Workout of Electrical power: вЂў Chance of exploitation. At this stage, learners claim: вЂў " Live and let live, that's what I claim. " вЂў " All big metropolitan areas are the same-lots of buildings, too many automobiles, McDonalds. " вЂў " What I really need to know about can be art and music. " вЂў " As long as many of us speak similar language, there is problem. " вЂў " The main worries I have entail knowing how to get around and ordering in restaurants. " вЂў " With my own experience, I can be successful in just about any culture without any special hard work. " вЂў " I actually never encounter culture shock. " вЂў " All I need to learn about is governmental policies and history-I can discover the rest from it as I complement. "
EXPANDING COMPETENCE: DENIAL
DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITY: To recognize the presence of cultural dissimilarities CHALLENGE AND SUPPORT: Students experience of difference: High Challenge Educators should emphasize: Large Support TO BACK UP THE LEARNERS: Content: вЂў Objective tradition: Art, music, literature, cinema, dance вЂў Heroes and holidays вЂў Culture specific social research: Politics, record, economics, sociology вЂў Travel around tips: " Do's and taboos" вЂў Use symbols, not target cultures Method: вЂў Illustrate ideas with user-friendly actions вЂў Add differences in non-threatening contexts вЂў Promote a comprehensive, non-blaming local climate вЂў Talk about learner stresses in existing categories, although limit period вЂў Build on what they know
TO PROBLEM THE LEARNERS: Content: вЂў Subjective tradition: Selected ideals, beliefs, and behaviors вЂў A constructive vision of intercultural connection Process: вЂў Arouse curiosity вЂў Aid structured connection with other nationalities through motion pictures, slides, panel presentations, and so forth STAGE-APPROPRIATE INTERCULTURAL SKILLS: вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў To be able to gather suitable information about tradition The motivation to explore facets of subjective traditions Trust, friendliness, cooperation To be able to recognize big difference
II. DEFENSE AGAINST DIFFERENCE
Reputation of cultural difference along with negative evaluation of most variants from indigenous culture-the greater the difference, the more negative the evaluation. Characterized by dualistic us/them thinking and frequently accompanied by overt negative stereotyping. Evolutionary view of social development with native lifestyle at the extreme. A tendency to social/cultural proselytizing of " underdeveloped" nationalities. 3. Defense/Denigration: Cognitive categories for construing cultural difference are separated by analyzing them adversely, thus guarding world perspective from change. (" I know Americans include a different culture, but anything about it shows what barbarians they are. " ) some. Defense/Superiority: Existing cultural world view is definitely protected simply by exaggerating the positive aspects compared to all other cultures. Any natural or...