Human Account

 Essay regarding Human Account

Chapter your five

Human Elements in Aviators Security

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ADVANTAGES................................................................ 79 History on Human Error.................................................... 85 FAA AND HUMAN FACTORS.................................................. 80 FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION Policy and Plans for Human Factors and Aviation Security................... 80 FAA Requirements for Aviation Security: Human-Factors Implications............. 82 Other Problems for Man Factors and Profiling..................................... eighty six Policy Choices................................................................. 88

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5-A. UAL Hi-Tech Screening..................................................... 84

Section 5

Individual Factors in Aviation Reliability

factors in these instances can greatly improve the using technology pertaining to airline secureness. Dramatic accidents caused by human errors in the nuclear electric power, chemical, and transportation companies have elevated public attention to human performance issues during the past decade. Further training requirements, revised working procedures, warning devices, and expanded government oversight will be typical advice following car accident investigations. Yet , these stopgap measures treat only the surface area of issues that are seated in the complicated interactions of people and gear within the larger system and the institutional and organizational constructions and techniques that drive the planning, design, and supervision of these systems. Following the floor collision of two jetliners in Detroit in 12 , 1990, Dr . John Lauber, a member in the National Transportation Board, stated that " basically the [aviation] program, the way we're operating that, almost demands nearly error-free [human] efficiency. ' Related concerns can be echoed intended for the flying security system—a number of effective airline terrorist events have already been traced into a human inability. 2 " The challenge is to design a process.. which is tolerant of those mistakes when they carry out occur and which picks up and blocks them prior to we have [a catastrophe]. ”3 Multilayered defenses are engaged at various commercial airfields and aircarrier terminals, and security managers and government authorities are looking at new solutions to reinforcement these devices. Heretofore, National requirements and industry use of security technologies have generally been with specific features in mind. So long as the specialized goals could be met effectively, the equipment was considered adequate and individual performance complications related to the technology had been resolved through revised training and methods. Technology utilization in counterterrorism will likely increase dramatically over the next decade, but if early and

INTRODUCTION

Human resources are crucial to aviators security. Reliability personnel—passenger and baggage screeners, guards and law enforcement officers, and air-port and flight employees in general-are crucial elements of a system that prevents and deters hostile acts against air carriers. Technology can enhance, yet cannot substitute, the functions of these persons and the various services they supply. Moreover, administration practices based on behavioral analysis findings can further increase human efficiency. This phase considers the function of screeners in weapons and explosives diagnosis, and the function of protections, officers, and other aviation staff in learning about (and deterring) suspicious individuals or situations. Within the past 20 years, technology has tremendously increased the capability and efficiency of these reliability people. Steel detectors and...