http://asheducationbook.hematologylibrary.org/content/2005/1/436.full The earliest obvious lesion of atherosclerosis may be the fatty streak, which is due to an accumulation of lipid-laden froth cells in the intimal layer of the artery. With time, the fatty streak evolves into a fibrous plaque, the hallmark of established atherosclerosis. Eventually the laceracion may develop to contain large amounts of lipid; whether it becomes volatile, denudation of overlying endothelium, or plaque rupture, can result in thrombotic occlusion with the overlying artery.
Being overweight or perhaps obese will not directly increase your risk of growing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but it will lead to related risk factors that do. Especially, overweight or obese persons: have an increased risk of developing high blood pressure
tend to have higher levels of cholesterol as a result of eating a high-fat diet plan have an elevated risk of producing type 2 diabetes
Reading more about obesity.
Smoking can damage the walls of the arteries. If your arteries are damaged by smoking in that case blood cellular material, known as platelets, will clump together on the site of the damage to try to repair it. This could cause the arteries to narrow. Smoking cigarettes also lessens the blood's ability to take oxygen about your body, which in turn increases the chances of a blood vessels clot developing. Read more about the health risks associated with smoking.
If you have heart disease (hypertension) it will eventually damage the arteries in the same way as tobacco smoke. Your arteries are designed to pump blood for a certain pressure. If that pressure is usually exceeded, them of the arterial blood vessels will be damaged. High blood pressure could be caused by: weight problems
drinking extreme amounts of liquor
a lack of physical exercise
Read more about high blood pressure.
If you have poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 ...